Advances in Experimental Moral Psychology (Advances in by Hagop Sarkissian, Jennifer Cole Wright, James R. Beebe

By Hagop Sarkissian, Jennifer Cole Wright, James R. Beebe

Advances in Experimental ethical Psychology brings jointly prime students within the box to supply clean theoretical views on learn in philosophy and psychology.

Reflecting a various and lively box of analysis, members are drawn from throughout either topics to pursue principal questions pertaining to ethical psychology. masking a wide-ranging choice of arguments, matters and debates, themes comprises the position of emotion in ethical judgment (both at a normal theoretical point and as regards to particular topics); the ethical psychology in the back of political orientation; the character and content material of ethical personality and extra higher-order questions in regards to the prestige of morality itself.

For philosophers and researchers within the social and behavioral technological know-how, this intriguing new quantity finds the useful result of integrating those disciplines and illustrates the promise of this experimental method of ethical psychology.

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However, participants were not required to flip the coin, nor were they required to adhere to the coin toss results should they choose to flip the coin. Participants were then left alone in a room with a coin and a decision to make. This set up a zero-sum situation in which one person’s benefit meant another person’s loss (essentially a variation of the dictator game). Moreover, the situation was effectively anonymous, with reputational forces stripped away. What would participants do? 1, unapologetic selfishness was common in these studies.

In the end, most (80%) of the people who lost the coin toss ignored the results and assigned themselves to the favorable task. Batson interpreted these data to suggest that among the corpus of human motives are distinct desires to behave selfishly and appear moral. Flipping a coin to fairly adjudicate the assignment of unequal tasks is a display of the desire to appear moral. Not only do we try to convince others of our good nature, we try to convince ourselves too by internalized and generalized selfbeliefs.

Recent studies of the composition of moral identity find that adjectives such as “hardworking” are considered central to the moral self and predictive of moral cognition and behavior (Aquino and Reed 2002). This makes the discounting of such traits in others’ character even more interesting and worthy of research. Why is it that most existing theories of person perception define “moral” traits as orthogonal to traits rooted in competence, even though we seem to readily acknowledge the moral value of competence for the self?

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