By Hans Mommsen
Choices to Hitler: German Resistance lower than the 3rd Reich КНИГИ ;ВОЕННАЯ ИСТОРИЯ Издательство: I B Tauris & Co LtdАвтор(ы): Hans MommsenЯзык: EnglishГод издания: 2003Количество страниц: 320ISBN: 1-86064-745-6Формат: pdf (e-book)Размер: 1.64 mb RAPIDили IFOLDER zero
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Additional resources for Alternatives to Hitler: German Resistance under the Third Reich
The fundamental motivation of the youth movement at the beginning of the twentieth century was its criticism of how technology and depersonalisation were undermining social and intellectual life. It raised the urgent question of what creative forces in society could be mobilized against ‘atomisation’ and ‘collectivisation’, against ‘the urban mentality’, against domination by ‘materialist concepts of utility’, against the loss of a ‘sense of quality’, against ‘promotion-chasing’ and ‘the cult of stardom’, against the mindless ‘haste’ of modern life; at the same time it attacked what were seen as the outward trappings of a ‘bourgeois’ lifestyle.
But the recruitment pool of the conservative-nationalist opposition was limited to the upper-middle and upper classes and this necessarily made it appear to be made up of ‘the great and the good’. The great majority of members of the civilian opposition groups were senior civil servants, some of whom worked in the Ministry of the Interior and the judiciary, others in the diplomatic service. Labour union leaders like Wilhelm Leuschner and Jakob Kaiser and white-collar representatives like Max Habermann and Hermann Maass found themselves in a situation comparable to that of people such as Beck, Goerdeler and von Hassell, who had resigned from public service.
Indeed, a proper understanding and assessment of the resistance are only possible if the political motives and objectives of the plotters are placed in the dangerously unstable context of Nazism and against an intellectual background of social and historical thinking that reached back to the Weimar era. Making heroes of the men and women of the anti-Nazi opposition is thus no more appropriate than is an outward identification with the forces of the ‘other Germany’, which all too easily ends in our ignoring fact that Nazi rule had its roots in German society German society and resistance to Hitler 25 as a whole.