Animals, Equality and Democracy, 1st Edition by Siobhan O’Sullivan (auth.)

By Siobhan O’Sullivan (auth.)

Animals, Equality and Democracy examines the constitution of animal defense laws and unearths that it really is deeply inequitable, with an inclination to favour these animals the group is probably to work out and have interaction with. Siobhan O'Sullivan argues that those inequities violate primary precept of justice and transparency.

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52 They conclude that: Who can now claim sovereign prerogatives, then, and what they can credibly claim under that heading are no longer nearly as clear as they used to be. ‘Sovereignty’ is being deconstructed at the same time that the number of states is increasing and state boundaries eroded. In addition, the controversy over the relation between the meaning of ‘human’ and ‘ape’ has been rejoined. 55 Goodin, Pateman and Pateman’s conceptualisation of simian sovereignty is an example of political theorists following in the footsteps of moral philosophers by demonstrating that the allocation of strong interest protection, in this case in the form of sovereignty, to humans and not animals, is arbitrary and unjust.

They are not here because they are cute or fun to play with. Economically productive animals are then further broken down into four sub-groups. Those groups reflect the primary economic function attributed to the animals. They are a) Agricultural Animals: animals raised and maintained for meat, wool, dairy, eggs or any other animal derived food or fibre, b) Research and Education Animals: animals raised and maintained for scientific or educative purposes, including product testing, c) Exhibited, Sports and Gaming Animals: animals 30 Animals, Equality and Democracy raised and maintained for entertainment purposes such as zoos and circuses, including animals who entertain through competing in sporting events, such as horseracing, or other activities such as rodeos.

It did so by allowing for the human use of animals as an economic resource as a general principle, while simultaneously either curtailing or prohibiting certain uses that were deemed by the legislator to be unnecessary. Used in this way, the concept of ‘unnecessary’ could mean one of two things: illegitimate or excessive animal use. The use of bulls for baiting is an example of an animal use that was quickly prohibited in the early nineteenth century. Bull-baiting took a range of forms, but generally involved a tethered bull being attacked by dogs.

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