Attention by Harold Pashler (Editor)

By Harold Pashler (Editor)

This number of essays, meant as a textual content for college students, examines different elements of study into awareness. The e-book is split into sections: one offers with mental examine into such parts as visible seek, dual-task interference and attentional bottleneck; the opposite offers with ways to neural-network modelling and the consequences of mind harm on realization.

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Mark Sitton, Department of Brain and Cognitive Sciences, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Boston, MA 02139, USA. Steven P. Tipper, Psychology Department, University of Wales, Bangor, Gwynedd, Wales LL57 2DG, UK. Jeremy Wolfe, Center for Ophthalmic Research, Brigham and Women's Hospital & Harvard Medical School, 221 Longwood Avenue, Boston, MA 02115, USA. Steven Yantis, Department of Psychology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD 21218-2686, USA. Page 1 Introduction Attention has long posed a major challenge for psychologists, whatever school of thought they may subscribe to and whatever methodologies they may employ.

Devoting attention to these activities is believed to impair rather than enhance performance. Writers in the late 19th and early 20th centuries generally took these everyday conceptions of attention as their starting point, and tried to systematize and extend them (Pillsbury, 1908). Some went further and attempted to reduce different aspects of attention to a single underlying essence. Mostly, these analyses were couched in phenomenological terms. For example, Titchener (1908) argued that the fundamental effect of attention is to increase "clarity".

It is hidden from the viewer by the limitations of peripheral visual processing. You can identify the stimuli in Fig. 1 while fixating the central asterisk. This is not to say that you did not move your eyesonly that you did not need to move your eyes. For most of the experiments discussed in this chapter, eye movements were uncontrolled. While interesting, eye movements are probably not the determining factor in visual searches of the sort discussed in this reviewthose with relatively large items spaced fairly widely to limit peripheral crowding effects (Levi, Klein, & Aitsebaomo, 1985).

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