By Charles R. Stratton
At the beginning of worldwide warfare II, nice Britain was once badly less than armed. The disastrous campaigns in France in 1940 which ended in the big evacuation lower than fireplace of British and Allied troops from the seashores of Dunkirk and Calais additional depleted her stock of fingers. sizeable shipments of army hands from the U.S. govt and wearing palms from inner most americans helped to ease the location just a little, however it was once the superb creation software that the British had enforce as early as September 1939 that stored the British military.
In the 1st few years of the conflict, the drained outdated Lee-Enfield Mk I and Mk III carried the brunt of infantry combating. every one of these rifles have been equipped earlier than 1918 and have been donning out speedy. within the Nineteen Twenties, the British military had all started improvement of a brand new, easier-to-manufacture model of the bolt motion Lee-Enfield. the end result used to be the Mk V with its receiver sight and stiffer barrel. a few 20,000 have been produced for trials yet then the exertions governments of the past due Nineteen Twenties and early Nineteen Thirties observed no cause to proceed the improvement of armaments. Hadn't the League of countries promised to settle all destiny overseas disputes?
But in 1939, as Hitler's Germany used to be crushing Poland, a crash improvement application was once instituted to place the Mk V Enfield into construction used to be began to make up for misplaced years. by means of 1941, the hot rifle via now rechristened the No. four Enfield used to be pouring out of factories round the nation. creation used to be began additionally in Canada and within the usa.
The new rifle used to be outfitted with a stronger receiver rear sight that introduced the aperture closer the attention and more advantageous the solider's marksmanship. The heavy nostril cap used to be long past, changed by means of a lighter band with protecting ears to protect front sight. The lengthy development 1914 bayonet have been changed via a quick spike beneficial for guarding prisoners and little else an implicit reputation that the static, trench-oriented battle was once long gone ceaselessly, changed via maneuver war spearheaded via cellular columns of armor and infantry. a brand new, stiffer barrel used to be put in to enhance the rifle's accuracy. differently, it remained remarkably just like its prior incarnations.
The No. four Enfield was once produced in a large variety of diversifications, so much having to do with how one can minimize construction expenditures and time. The rifles poured out of the factories and have been shipped to the warriors within the entrance traces and coaching camps as quickly they can be made. The No. four supplied very good provider within the British tommy's fingers from the Arctic Circle to the North African wasteland to the steamy jungles of Burma.
As the rifle creation application started, the British military, inspired through the havoc wrought opposed to the purple military by means of Finnish snipers within the iciness struggle of 1939-40, additionally all started improvement of a brand new sniper rifle. the personal firearms enterprise of Holland and Holland, recognized for the carrying rifles and shotguns, built a robust mounting approach for the 32 Telescopic Sight and the No. four Mk I (T) used to be born. This rifle within the palms of British snipers within the common military and in such targeted war devices because the mystery Air provider and the Commandos, inflicted casualties and havoc on Axis troops a ways past their quantity.
In 1944, it turned transparent smaller, lighter rifle used to be wanted for strive against within the heavy jungles of Southeast Asia. A group of Enfield engineers stripped the No. four rifle to its necessities, shortened the barrel and built a flash-hider to guard the soldier from the heavy muzzle concussion and flash, and additional a padded butt plate. The No. five rifle popularly referred to as the British Enfield Jungle Carbine served good in the course of the rest of global warfare II and during the communist insurgencies that plagued Southeast Asia through the early chilly warfare years.
"The British Enfield, Vol 2., The No. four and five Rifles," keeps Charles R. Stratton's first-class sequence on British rifles of the 20 th Century. The No. four and No. five rifles are dissected wit
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Extra info for British Enfield Rifles, Lee-Enfield No. 4 and No. 5 Rifles, Vol. 2 (For Collectors Only)
4 Mk I* rifles). Historical Note: No. 4 rifles that were converted or repaired following WWII generally had first variation locking bolt springs installed on them. Fig. 2-17. 16-inch diameter fillister head screw that threads into a hole on the action body and retains the locking bolt spring. Only one type of locking bolt spring screw was used. TRIGGER GUARD ASSEMBLY The trigger guard assembly (Figure 2-18) consists of the trigger guard (1), the trigger (2) and trigger axis pin (3), the breech cover loop (4), the front (5) and r e a r (6) t r i g g e r guard screws, and the front trigger guard screw w a s h e r ( 7 ) .
4 Mk 2 (and conversions), this locking bolt (Figure 2-15) is identical to the first variation locking bolt except that the hole in the thumb piece is noticeably larger. Like the first variation, it is of one-piece construction. Fig. 2-14. 4th Variation Locking Bolt Locking Bolt Spring The locking bolt spring (refer to Figure 2-10, 3) Fig. 2-15. 5th holds tension on the locking bolt and secures it in Variation the engaged (rearward) position or disengaged (forLocking Bolt ward) position by means of a detent which engages one of two slots on the face of the locking bolt.
2-23. 2nd Variation Sear Variation: Found on most No. 4 rifles and some No. 5 rifles, the first variation sear has flat surfaces on the inside of the pivot apex. F i r s t Second Variation: Found on most No. 5 rifles and a few No. 4 rifles (and conversions), this sear (Figure 2-23) has a lightening cut on the inside of the pivot apex.